What To Do
Being attacked by a dog can be very frightening. In the moment it can be easy to panic and act out in fear by running or yelling; however these actions can escalate the problem. Sometimes dog attacks are unavoidable, but there are steps you can take to prevent serious injury and minimize the damage when faced with an aggressive encounter.
Warding Off An Attack
Remember it is not normal for dogs to attack humans. In most cases, dogs act out in aggression only if they feel threatened. When a dog is already agitated, making loud noises or movements will encourage the dog to lash out. It is vital to stay calm, stand still, and avoid eye contact with the dog. Animals can sense fear and it is better to “play dead” in the hopes that they will lose interest and move on.
Distract The Dog
If the dog does not lose interest, try offering him something else to focus on. Take off a shoe or give him your water bottle to chew on. Anything to deflect it’s attention away from you will work here.
Defending Yourself If The Dog Attacks
- If the above steps have not worked, it is time for you to use self defense. Dog attacks can be fatal and at this point you should do everything in your power to fight back.
- Focus on keeping your face, chest and throat safe. The safest areas to be bitten are the shin and forearm.
- Try using your body weight to pin down the dog
- Yell for help- at this point it is okay to raise your voice. Hopefully your calls will be heard and others can come to your rescue
- Use physical force as necessary. *You should only hurt a dog if you are being seriously attacked and you feel you are in a life or death situation*
Apply pressure to stop the bleeding, wash and dress the wound, check for signs of infection including redness, tenderness, or pus.
Seek medical treatment immediately
Legal Steps If Seriously Injured
- Call the authorities right away to prevent the animal from endangering others and file an incident report
- If you are able, take photos of the injuries before treated
- If the dog was not stray and was with an owner, record name(s) and contact information
- Gather witnesses information
- Get in touch with an experienced and knowledgeable attorney